la Historia de la Iglesia / Church History – 2

As I approach my fourth decade of walking with Jesus, one thing I could never of imagined at the beginning is how amazing of a God He is. His Word goes beyond what my little brain can comprehend. He has designed me to love a mystery, so Jesus has shown me wild mysteries about Himself that allow me to get to understand Him more. In understanding, I learn that I will forever through eternity be amazed and in awe of my God.

My point is that even though the Bible is a simple book filled with history, romance, legal code, songs, wise sayings, etc. all easy to grasp rudimentarily There are layers and facets that stretch beyond our comprehension. The future of the Church is mentioned in the second verse of the Bible. That our King would be our Savior is n the third chapter of the Bible at the exact moment we get ourselves to the point we need a Savior. That Jesus would die is in Genesis 5, and that He would die on the cross is in Numbers 2… written 700 years before the Persians invented crucifixion. Amos 3:7 says that the Lord GOD will do nothing unless He reveals the secret to His prophets. The Jews call the 400 years between Malachi and Jesus the silent years. However, God explained everything that would happen before those years took place. The amount of His revelation is astounding. So what about the last 2,000 years without prophets and even Israel? To say that all of Church History is revealed in the Bible would be interesting…and in truth we will see at the end of this quarter were that is just the case.

Our class is Church History and we are your instructors, Paul and Victor. Paul has taught in the states for 16 years in the social science field. Since age 8 he has been reading advanced history books (age 8 was Memoirs of the Second World War by Winston Churchill). There has never been a time when I was not reading regarding history after that.

Let’s take a look at our syllabus now. If you look at the very top, you see that in two months we will have completed the course. In ten sessions it is imperative that we complete all 2000 years of Church History. You might see that this class is two and a half hours instead of the regular 2 hours. It is a way I can add 4 and a half hours of instruction time with minimum pain. It was suggested by our director, so if there is a problem, take it up with him or don’t take the class.

Looking at the Course objectives I will let you read those on your own with the exception of the third bullet point. Universities expect a student to communicate the student’s ideas well with the college environment. An inability to do so will destroy whatever hopes the student has for graduating. This is my fourth class I’ve taught at CCBC, and I’ve seen a wide range of writing skills. I will help all, but those who struggle I want to give the basis of writing so there’s hope for graduation and advancement. I’ve helped some in the past, I’ll help you. By the way, I’m doing this for you because a professor did the same for me my first year.

Looking at texts you will see that the Bible is listed as our required text. I do this because I already have tossed out many verses and chapters from the Bible. As I look out at your smiling faces I realize I see many wise Bereans who search out rather than accept only what is said.(Acts 17:11) Our recommended texts are largely what I will be using for my Lectures. Both are available on Amazon’s Kindle for less than 300 pesos, but I just realized the Kindle app can’t be downloaded in Mexico. There are ways of getting around that, but that is for after class. Shelley’s book is an easy read. Gonzalez is very detailed and has some progressive tendencies. For example, he believes that the John who wrote the gospel is different from the John who wrote Revelation. He is in error. He believes a lie that is spawned of satan. Nothing sets me off in anger than the old lie, “Did God really say…” Gonzalez has to be worthwhile for me to continue to have him a part of the class. As long as a person understands that there are errors one can glean the depth that Gonzalez brings to his research.

In regards to grading, I will try to complete in my lecture all that we have to do to keep up with schedule. If I fail, I will have a study guide with key terms to finish up the specific epoch of the Church. It is student’s responsibility to understand those terms in order to progress to the the next epoch. For example, without knowing Ambrose of Milan, one cannot understand the salvation of Augustine. If one does not do the effort to keep up, one will be lost quickly in this class. Most college students do not fail because of inability, but because of procrastination. Keep Up!

I already stressed the writing component. The midterm will deal with pre-reformation topics. Quizzes reveal how you participated and how i take attendance. I have no confidence in multiple choice, since the reality is that they are no better than a 50/50 guess. For example most A-B-C-D multiple choice answers include: one ridiculous, one ballpark, one close to- but not best, and one best answer. Students who realize this usually breeze through multiple choice. In taking my master’s program placement test this knowledge allowed me to place in the top .1% in the United States.

Because I have been talking endlessly, please read the next paragraph to yourself for the next couple minutes. Are there any questions?

Lastly, Class flow chart.Next class you will see that “Themes” are due. Please cross out “themes” and replace it with “Thesis”. What is a Thesis? It is simply a subject and your opinion that you can defend. Don’t get too broad (example: the universe is a really big place) or too obvious (The Church was started on Pentecost) and you’ll be fine.. The reading can be extensive (look at Feb. 27: 326 pages!), but I will give you strategies to make it quick that you can apply to future classes. Questions on Syllabus?


Starting Church History at this time. In our remaining time, I will cover 4,090 years. The first place we see the Church very clearly in the Bible is Genesis 22 and 24. If you want to pursue this, read the chapters with the thought of Abraham representing our Father, Isaac representing Jesus, the servant representing the Holy Spirit, and Rebecca as the Church. My favorite part is that after the sacrifice of the Christ representative, Isaac, the lamb is not seen until he meets his bride.

It is said that the Old Testament is Christ concealed, The New Testament is Christ revealed. In order to see the foundation of the Church, we need to start in the Old Testament. While Christ is all over the Old testament, it’s probably not a good use of time to record that. If we limit our pursuit to the places that best show the conditions that favor the development of the Church, Daniel stands out. Besides Having the exact day written when Jesus enters Jerusalem (9:25), Daniel lays out in precise detail the next 400 years for the Jews. The detail is so complete that there are some…my earthly father for example… who say there are two Daniels. That is a lie from satan. Daniel tells of the coming conquerors of Israel. The third conqueror is what we want to pay attention to (Daniel 11). Although Mohammed believed Alexander the Great to be a true muslim, the fact was, he was a pagan. He was wise, taught by Aristotle under the orders of Philip II of Macedonia. He was a brilliant administrator, amassing an empire with his army in just a few years. Yet Alexander was a pagan, a drunk, and superstitious to his death. There is no way to compare pagan gods to our true God. False gods are an attempt by ignorant men to explain the world that surround them. If these gods are involved in the lives of the people, it is usually to the harm of the people. This is contrasted with our God who is intimate with all those who care about Him, and is concerned and died for those who don’t of which we all were at one time.

Alexander’s organization skills were used to unite the Mediterranean world with Greek culture as the foundation. Not all of Greece is bad. Their language is far more precise and descriptive than any other on the earth. Their love of freedom and desire to lift all men from ignorance bears fruit in the structure of our governments today. Even their great philosophers rejected the polytheistic infantile gods they worshipped. To explore this, I encourage you read in Plato’s Republic the Socrates discussion with the nobleman Meno.

Yet at the deepest depths of man is self-serving sin. Like all of us we recognize what is true and godly, but when it comes with a cost, we usually surrender. The Greeks were no exception. When the party-animal Alexander died in Babylon at the age of 33, his four great party- animal generals split the empire into 4 party parts. We in Church History are never concerned with the two parties in the west…dude. The two in the east will demonstrate the problems brought on to Israel if you see their location on the powerpoint slides. The Ptolemaic empire centered in Alexandria, Egypt and the Seleucid Empire centered in Syria were constantly at war with each other over the land of Israel. Vain emperor inherited from the previous vain emperor. One in Syria, Antiochus Epiphanies, believed he was god, and set up the abomination that causes desolation in the Jewish Temple. The Jews had had enough. Under the command of Josephus Maccabeus the Greeks were expelled from Israel. For the next 80 years the Jews were autonomous. The Greeks had left their mark. The Hebrew language was left to the lawyers and Indian chiefs while most commoners spoke Greek. Jews had left the war-torn Israel for other parts of the empire. This action of leaving the Jewish homeland, Israel is called the diaspora. The Diaspora shows instability in Israel, so it was bad for them. I was good for the church integrating those with an understanding of the scriptures in every part of the Mediterranean. During this time, a Greek translation of the Torah was made in Alexandria. 70 of the best Jewish scholars worked on the project, so it was called the Septuagint (seventy) translation, or LXX for short. This also was good because it gave the Bible in the common language for the world.

60 years before the birth of our Lord, the Romans marched into Israel. Their legions crushed all nations into conformity. However, like with the Greeks, we will see not all what the Romans brought was bad. The safety of all nations being under the boot of Rome made it that no nation fought with another. This famous time of peace called the Pax Romanus made the world united and easy to spread the gospel. Spreading also was made smooth over the incredible network of roads Rome built, many which remain today. Here’s a shocker: Rome was known for religious and civil tolerance. The was a Roman garrison in most large cities, but as long as there was peace, the Romans would let locals handle most day to day issues. Romans were wise to choose only the important battles to fight. In Israel, this took the form of Herod the Imuran being given ruling control since he had married into the Maccabean family. For the world at large, Rome allowed natives to worship their regional gods, but sought to unite them since may had similar characteristics. This idea called Syncretism made Jupiter, Zeus and Minerva, Athena. They made one other condition. Rome commanded that all subjects were to burn a pinch of incense to the emperor’s honor. This did not go over well with the Jews who upon this proclamation had 40,000 men bear their necks en mass to the Romans to kill them there rather than submit. Rome made an exception for the Jews not to be a part of emperor worship.

The Jews had 4 major political parties that all hated Jesus and hated one another. The ruling elite were called the Sadducees. They were the old Levitical priests and scribes who were tied to the temple. They were also the ones who came up with temple money changing and price gouging on sacrificial animals. The most popular group, and the one that became Judaism today are the Pharisees. They believed their future lay in hyper-attention to the law…or better…to the law that they can appear to outwardly follow. The Zealots were more political than being tied to the spiritual. They wanted to forcibly oust Rome like their forefathers had done to the Greeks. What could be closely akin to monks and the ascetic life was a group called the Essenes. I only mention them for their great contribution… the Dead Sea Scrolls. The significance of these are that we have the oldest set of Bible books that show we have NO content changes to our Bible for 2000 years. Those who say differently, and we will come to them in the course of this quarter, will be shown to be liars of the worst type…the liar employed by the father of liars.

So now we come to the time of our Hero and the birth of the Church. I ask you, what is the Church? As we see in Genesis 24 it is the bride of Christ. But what does that mean? When we accept Jesus as our Saviour and Believe in our heart that He is the Son of God, we become Christians. Our lives change and things we felt were stupid and worthless become of paramount importance. Things like reading the Bible, praying (or as i like calling it, talking to God), and joining a gathering of believers make us happy in our new spirit. When we gather in worship, we get a small taste of our eternity led by our King in worship of our God and Father. Our small church is a representation of the large Church united. When Jesus walked the earth, the Church was not in existence yet, but he made reference of it. (John 18:36)

Church started 50 days after Jesus’ resurrection at the celebration of Pentecost. It should be noted that in all the events of these 50 days, the disciples and followers of Jesus were as equally in the dark as those against God. That Christ would rise was not in the thoughts of those hiding in the upper room. That Jesus walked through a closed and barred door was the last thing on the mind of Thomas. When Peter woke on the first Pentecost he had no idea that he would meet the Holy Spirit and 3000 new converts would join him that night. All these events state for us clearly that the Church is formed and birthed spiritually, not by any desire of man. Our lives today share the same weight and impact as those who heard the rushing wind and had the tongues of flame rest on them in the upper room. What I find more amazing than the sun and moon stopping for a day and a half or a talking donkey is God desires to use you and me to share Himself with this dark world. Yet it is true. If we fail to see the same miracles the early Church saw, the fault rests in us, not God.

At first, the Church grew smoothly and without hinderance. The Jews and the Romans thought Jesus was dead; normally the death of the leader would end any revolution. It was a surprise to the Sanhedrin that the disciples, now called apostles (sent ones) kept preaching and doing wonders in the name of Jesus. After beating and imprisoning Peter and John, a wise leader, Gamaliel, said that zealots like Theudas and Judas rose up only to be killed. He famously said, “If this is of men, it will soon pass, but if it is of God, then you [the Sanhedrin] will find yourselves fighting God. (Acts 5:38+39)” His smartest pupil failed to take up this wise saying.

At this point a conflict arose in the Church. It dealt with an issue that plagues all mankind from the first until now…prejudice. The victims were a group called the Hellenists. Hellenists were people who took up the language, style, and some of the culture of Greece, but weren’t Greek. In Acts 6 the Hellenists were born elsewhere, but when coming to Jerusalem for a feast such as Passover, they stayed. Yes, the Hellenists where pureblood Jews in faith and action. Because of prejudice in the Christian community, their aged and infirmed were being overlooked. It was decided that seven deacons would make sure Everyone’s need was being addressed. At this time, the apostle’s luster diminishes and the deacons take center stage in the Bible. Stephan, one of the deacons was filled with the Spirit, so those without hated him. They charged him falsely, and bringing him to the Sanhedrin couldn’t bear his defense. They stoned Stephen to death making him the first martyr (witness). His last words were, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them.” (Acts 7:60)

One who heard those words was enraged by them. The Pharisee Saul went out and tossed in jail, tortured and killed Hellenist Christians. The apostles were left alone with reasonable security at this time, still going to the temple. We must remember that this new faith in Jesus was not thought of as a new religion. The apostles, deacons, and believers all thought they were following the Jewish faith correctly. The Hellenists fled Jerusalem and Saul followed. The words of Gamaliel found Saul in front of the gates of Damascus. Witnessing the risen Jesus, Saul did the only thing he could do; fall and submit. (Acts 9:3-6)

After this event, gentiles were being added to the Church. For a ethnocentric nation of Israel, this was a shock and a revulsion. Cracks began to appear in the relationship between Jews and Christians. Seeing an opportunity to win favor with those who hold religious power Herod killed James, the son of Zebedee, and imprisoned Peter. The Church moved beyond the bounds of Israel. The now Christian Saul, called Paul (small) and Church father, Barnabus mounted a series of missionary journeys first to Asia Minor (Turkey), then to Greece, and ending in Rome. Always Paul and Barnabas, or Silas, or Timothy would first go to the Jews and share with them. However, they would soon branch out to the gentiles.

At first, Rome felt the Christians were just another sect of Judaism and gave them the emperor worship exemption also. When ties began to break between Jews and Christians, the Romans took the emperor worship exemption away. The Jews were not a threat religiously in Rome’s eyes. Yes, they were religious nuts, but they kept to themselves and were clearly defined. Not so the Christians. Though they started out Jewish, they were quickly becoming gentile, and even Roman. No one wanted to take the cut and become Jewish. But many wanted to join with Christ and when they did, one couldn’t shut them up. From the first gentile convert the Hellenist Jew Philip led to the Lord, in 15 years there were major Christian communities in Damascus, Antioch, and Alexandria. In another ten years North Africa and Asia Minor and Greece had bustling Churches.

Christians faced prejudice themselves. The upper class Romans believed that the ranks of the Christians were only made up of slaves and foolish women. Yet some of the greatest minds were Christian, Paul was one of the smartest men ever to walk the earth. John’s disciple, Polycarp, was well respected even among the non-believers. Polybius, Ignatius of Antioch, and contrary to Justo Gonzalez’s belief, the apostle John were great men of persuasion. Just like in the days of David when the rejects of Israel followed him and became the Mighty Men (I Sam 22::2) Those who follow Christ though from humble beginnings show a glorious end. (Acts 4:13)

Two major events dominate this first Church’s timeline. The first happened in 64 AD. By the way, I will not for the sake of some cupcake atheist’s feelings change BC and AD. In 64, Rome burnt. Tacitus, the Roman senator and historian, felt that the official story of an overturned cask of oil in a warehouse was most plausible, but the general consensus was that the vain and ambitious emperor Nero had the fires set to rebuild Rome for his glory. My personal feeling is when 10 out of the 12 quarters of Rome burn, there is something amiss. If most Romans are against the emperor, the emperor as one man didn’t want to end up like Julius Caesar. He needed a scapegoat quick, and the Christians with their obstinate belief in an unseen God provided him with one. This marked the first persecution against the Church. Slaves, Citizens, and Nobles…Men, Women, and Children… all who submitted to the Lord Jesus were devoured by animals, or beheaded, or crucified. A favorite pastor of mine says Nero would dip Christians in wax and and burn them as candles around his gardens. He then would ride in his chariot nude with the Christians lit and burning shouting, “Christians, you are the light of the world.” It should be noted that the before mentioned Tacitus and many Romans believed the Christians innocent, but were happy with the persecution for their “stubbornness”.

The other great event happened in 70 AD. In 66, the Zealots mounted a rebellion against the Romans because the procurator Gessius Florus robbed the temple to augment failing taxes.. It was always a losing battle. However, at the beginning the Jews had success killing many Romans. 69, the year of four emperors ended with the commander of the Roman reconquest, Vespasian as the new emperor. His son who watched the roman carnage at the beginning, Titus, took up his father’s cause and ruthlessly and methodically wiped out all remaining enemy combatants. His soldiers who hated the Jews burnt the temple, ending the Jewish Biblical faith. Titus had such animosity against the Jews that he renamed the country after their enemies, the non-existent Philistines….or Palestine. He ordered the death of any Jew found talking to another Jew. A common Roman practice against bitter enemies, the salted the fields of Israel turning the land barren. So ends Israel for 2000 years, as God said in Hosea 6:2. (See also II Pet 3:8)

This Church epoch ends with the martyrdom of the apostles. Where Justo Gonzalez gets confused with John, is that under another wicked emperor Domitian, John was orders boiled to death in oil. They lowered him in, but it didn’t effect him, just like the flames did not affect Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Rome sent John to exile on the remote island of Patmos where he died around the year 100. Thus ends the first epoch of the church. The study terms needed to know are:

And your

Homework: This Church was marked with distractions of its members that kept them from fully loving Christ. You might not have a textbook, but you do have a Bible. Starting in Acts and continuing throughout all the letters there are many issues recorded. Choose one and describe it; how it affected the Church; and how it was addressed and corrected.

Alexander the Great
Ptolemaic empire
Seleucid Empire
Antiochus Epiphanies
Josephus Maccabeus
Pax Romanus
Dead Sea Scrolls
James, the son of Zebedee
70 AD

la Historia de la Iglesia / Church History – 1

Church History Introduction

“Scetchy” notes from Andrew’s fill-in lecture

What is Church History
Why do we study it

Review the Syllabus
Course Description
Course Objectives
Course Requirements

What was the world like when Jesus was born.
The world’s condition before the Church existed.
The world had forgotten God.
God chose a people to be His own special people.
Isreal was weak. Just like the people He chooses today for His church.
God chose a weak, homeless nation to be His representatives on earth.
This nation was a physical analogy of the spiritual church.
God shows himself to be strong by using the weak and small.

At the time of Jesus’ birth the world was suffering.
God sent His son to this suffering world and when Jesus ascended and Holy Spirit came- that is the birth of what we call the Church.

The Church is the Body of Jesus Christ
The head tells the body what to do. The thumb never has great ideas and never gives direction to the rest of the body.
Jesus tells us what to do and we must respond accordingly.
The body gets stronger and more coordinated as it practices following the head’s instructions.

The early church was doing quite well at following Jesus’ (the Spirit’s) guidance.
Thousands of people were believing and being added to the body (muscles growing).
It is a lie that the Apostles never obeyed the great commission but stayed in Jerusalem.
The disciples did not, except for a few, stay in Jerusalem. Most went out and fulfilled the great commission.

For example, Paul wrote the letter of Romans to an established church. Peter, who we find in Jerusalem several times in scripture, had already gone to Rome, evangelized, and established a church.
100 years after Jesus an elder wrote that the gospel had been taken to the whole world.

The world had forgotten Noah’s God and were hungry.

Ethiopia became a Christian nation around this time.

Those who didn’t submit to God and believe Him were threatened by this explosion and began to persecute the new believers.
Very soon, even while the Apostles were still alive, Satan began to use lies to hurt the baby church. He has never stopped.

Lies have and always will be one of the church’s biggest dangers/enemies. One of the main jobs of elders/pastors is to protect the sheep from lies.

In one of John’s letters he is dealing with an unnamed heresy. This unnamed threat was Nosticism.
Nostic = Enlightened

Gospel of Thomas – Written 140 years after Jesus by some one pretending to be the apostle Thomas.
The Gospel of Peter

The elders of the various churches wrote letters to one another quoting the writings of the Apostles. It is from these letters that we know what books of the New Testament were considered Canon. All but a few books were clearly accepted by 90 AD.

Polycarp was a very young disciple of the Apostle John’s when John was quite old. Since Polycarp lived to be quite old he was, at the end of his life, the only living person to have known an Apostle. Because of this he spent much of his later life telling stories of John and others to people who came from all over to hear his accounts.

la Historia de la Iglesia – Plan de Trabajo

Calvary Chapel Bible College
Spring 2017
Course Title
CH301 Church History – 2 Units

Paul Cruz
Time and Location
6:30 – 9:00 PM
Jan. 23 – Mar. 27, 2017

Required Text – The Bible

Recommended Additional Texts
Church History in Plain Language by Bruce L. Shelley(Eng.)
The Story of Christianity by Justo L. Gonzalez(Eng., Spa.)
Course Description
When I was a foolish kid struggling with algebra, I realized the answers were in the back of the textbook. The Bible is no different other than the fact it was written by God. As I grew older I realized the power lie not in knowing the answer, but in understanding the reasoning and development for that answer. I guess that’s called maturity. The power Church History offers you, dear reader, is like those old algebra problems…you recognize mistakes before you yourself make them. In the process, I get to introduce you to some really great people that you will know for eternity. Please, prayerfully consider joining Church History as we dance across 2000 years.

Course Objectives

  • Students will know where the Church has developed from and where she is headed in the near future.
  • Students will understand the heresies against Christianity, how the Church has weathered, and how she was guided by Jesus in overcoming them.
  • Students will be able to formulate critical thought in the form of writing. Essays and written responses will be at a college level of writing.
  • The Church was created for a specific purpose. At times she fulfilled her role admirably; sometimes not.
  • Students will gain from the wisdom used by the heroes of the past and be warned by the failures of the villains providing the materials for a more insightful faith.

Course Requirements
There will be a short 10 question quiz at the end of every class, a midterm of 10 essay-style questions (take home),and a final of 50 multiple choice questions and 10 essay style questions. There will be an essay and a letter required. Participation in class is also important. Students are required to bring their Bibles to every class.

The weight of the class will be on the student’s written expression and creativity. Hence, if the papers are not turned in, the student cannot pass this class. Students who need help with the essay/writing process can arrange a separate time to get further help. In addition, rough drafts can be turned in as many times as the student wants for review before the due date. Essay/Letter: Students are required to write a 5-8 page term paper on topics of Church History that interest you. All topics must be approved by the instructor. An introductory-style paragraph that states an outline of your paper is due at the start of class February 6. Final draft is due February 20. In addition, Paul, Peter, John, and Jude, among others wrote letters to their churches they were so much in love with. These letters were meant to encourage and discipline. Look out over your church, of the Church as a whole and write a letter to them doing the same as the early fathers. In the same spirit of the Bible these letters have to be at least a page and without waste.

Basis of Grade
Considering grading, three factors have to be considered: A) Educational level of students, B) Severe time constraint of the quarter class, C) Cost and availability of supplemental resources. This course has to maintain the integrity of Calvary Chapel Bible College, so there will be no curve based on inability of acquiring resources. Understanding the text might be difficult to obtain, our class session time is valuable. There are seven distinct epochs of the Church in total and only ten sessions. Questions will be limited to the end of the session. A study guide of key terms will be provided to copy at the end of every session. While textbooks might be hard to come by, the internet is assumed to be accessible to all here. We will cover as much as we can in class, and it is the student’s responsibility to finish to our agenda for the class.
A list of those components that will affect the grade and the weight each will hold in calculating the grade. Remember that the final grade will be adjusted with “absence points” determined by the registrar’s office.

Weekly Quizzes – 15%
Midterm Exam – 15%
An Essay and Letter – 40%
Final Exam – 25%
Participation – 5%

CCBC requires 100 percent attendance for all classes taken by students. All absences will be handled by the Registrar’s Office and NOT the teacher. Whenever an absence occurs (for whatever reason) the student must make up the class. For all absences, students need to fill out the absence authorization form available in the Front Office. This form completed, along with the one-page summary, is to be turned in to the absence authorization box in the Front Office. In addition, any homework that was due the day of absence should be included as well. This must be completed and submitted within two weeks of the absence.

Weekly topical schedule/reading schedule
Jan. 23, 2017
Class intro and policies; Pre-Church World & “Darling”
Shelley, 2-45; Gonzalez, 12-41

Jan. 30, 2017
The new Church and first policies/corrections/persecutions
Shelley, 46-90; Gonzalez, 49-118

Feb. 6, 2017
Constantine and the flux of world power/heresies/counsels
Shelley, 91-131; Gonzalez, 119-260. Essay Idea

Feb. 13, 2017
Fall of Rome/Rise of Church power
Shelley, 132-223; Gonzalez, 269-356

Feb. 20, 2017
A Working, Developing Church/Fallacies of the Church
Shelley, 224-236; Gonzalez, 357-490. Essay due

Feb. 27, 2017
Shelley, 237-330; Gonzalez, 496-736 Midterm handed out

Mar. 7, 2017
Brotherly Love/American Opportunity
Shelley, 331-393; Gonzalez, 739-947 Midterm due

Mar. 14, 2017
The Church Reaching Out
Shelley, 394-440; Gonzalez, 948-

Mar. 21, 2017
Church for sale
Shelley, 441-491; Gonzalez, -1020

Mar. 28, 2017
Letter to the Church